Native American Slave Trade

Europeans brought with them more than just disease and warfare during their invasion of North America, they also brought with them African slaves. Although Native Americans had a slave type of system pre-Europeans there was a difference from the Europeans the Native American slave systems. For example, Native American slaves were, in essence, captives from […]

The Three Waves of Feminism in America

“Feminism is defined as the belief in social, political and economic equality between the sexes” (Issitt, 2013).  There have been waves of the feminist movement in America” the Suffragette Movement, the movements of the 1960’s – 1980’s, and the modern-day expanses which have moved into a more all-inclusive movement. Each era of the feminist movement […]

A Shift in Government. The Cherokee Constitution.

The Cherokee Constitution was a reflection of the European influence upon Native American society.  When the Native Americans were first encountered by the Europeans, their cultures were misidentified based upon European conceptions. For example, “Indian societies, which were bound by kinship, clan, and village rather than by a larger tribal alliance”[1] was mislabeled as a […]

Land Ownership? A Different View.

One of the reoccurring themes in relation to conflicts between European settlers and Native Americans was the idea of land ownership. The European idea of land ownership was that of a titled deed or another official paper document. Furthermore, the European concept of individuals owning land was a foreign concept to that of the Native […]

African American Musical Contributions

Based on the paper titled “African American Musical Contributions: by Misty Hamilton Smith. Originally published on Nov. 26, 2017, for IDS 400 at Southern New Hampshire University College of Online and Continuing Education. The modern American music culture owes its start to pioneering African American musicians. Before Elvis, the so-called King of Rock n’ Roll, hit […]